GUSTAV KLIMT (1862-1918)
GUSTAV KLIMT (1862-1918)
GUSTAV KLIMT (1862-1918)
2 More
GUSTAV KLIMT (1862-1918)

Stehend von vorne mit kleiner Wendung nach links (Margaret Stonborough-Wittgenstein)

GUSTAV KLIMT (1862-1918)
Stehend von vorne mit kleiner Wendung nach links (Margaret Stonborough-Wittgenstein)
with the Nachlass stamp (Lugt 1575; lower right)
pencil on paper
21 5/8 x 13 3/4 in. (55 x 35 cm.)
Drawn circa 1904-1905
The artist's estate.
Private collection, Austria; sale, Dorotheum, Vienna, 25 June 1976, lot 1213.
The late John Jerome Stonborough, son of Margaret Stonborough-Wittgenstein, by whom acquired at the above sale, and thence by descent to his daughter.
A. Strobl, Gustav Klimt, Die Zeichnungen, vol. II, 1904-1912, Salzburg, 1982, no. 1264, p. 38 (illustrated p. 39).
Edinburgh, National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland, Vienna 1900: Vienna, Scotland and the European avant-garde, August - September 1983, no. 3.3, p. 66.
Liverpool, Tate, Gustav Klimt, Painting, Design and Modern Life, May - August 2008, fig. 154 (illustrated).

Brought to you by

Imogen Kerr
Imogen Kerr Vice President, Senior Specialist, Co-head of 20th Century Evening Sale

Lot Essay

The young woman depicted in the present drawing is Margaret Stonborough-Wittgenstein (1882 - 1958), the heiress to one of the wealthiest Austrian families at the turn of the twentieth century. On the occasion of her marriage to the American chemist Jerome Stonborough in January 1905, her parents commissioned Gustav Klimt to paint her wedding portrait, for which this is one of several drawings that the artist completed. The final portrait is now on view in the Alte Pinakothek, Munich, and the present work comes directly from the family of Margaret Stonborough-Wittgenstein’s descendants.

The sitter’s father was Karl Wittgenstein – a steel magnate who had acquired an enormous fortune at the end of the nineteenth century and was known as the Austrian Andrew Carnegie. By 1898 he retired from business and focused on philanthropy and the arts, becoming an important patron to the Viennese Secession movement and Wiener Werkstätte. Advised by his daughter Hermine, Karl Wittgenstein amassed a large collection of fine and applied art, including numerous drawings and at least five oil paintings by Klimt. In 1899 he commissioned Josef Hoffman to adapt and extend his country house in Lower Austria, and then in 1904 commissioned Hoffman and Koloman Moser to design the interior for his daughter Margaret’s Berlin apartment.

Thus, Margaret Stonborough-Wittgenstein grew up immersed in the intellectual and cultural spheres of Vienna through the social connections of her family and was physically surrounded by the modern innovations of architecture and design of the Viennese Secession. She herself would become the president of the Vienna Arts and Crafts Society and in 1926 commissioned her brother Ludwig and the architect Paul Engelmann to create Haus Wittgenstein (also known as The Stonborough House) – a modernist town house in Vienna which would become a national monument in 1971.

More from Impressionist and Modern Art Day and Works on Paper Sale

View All
View All